Jinri 2 Experience Pdf 18
results showed main effects of the strength of past functional experiences (p < 0.001) and of the strength of mp (p < 0.001). there was also a significant interaction between the two variables, indicating that the strength of mp was higher ( p < 0.001) for individuals reporting strong past functional experiences than for those with negligible past functional experiences. regarding the prediction of path a, there was a significant main effect of the functional experiences ( p < 0.001) and interaction with the situation ( p < 0. there was a significant main effect of the situation ( p < 0.001) and of the strength of mp ( p < 0. there was also an interaction between the functional experiences and the situation ( p < 0. all the effects were in the expected directions.
as expected, there was a significant relationship between the strength of mp and the strength of the effects of music listening in the situation, independent of the functional experiences of the respondent (p < 0.001). in addition, the strength of the effects of music listening in a given situation was higher for individuals reporting strong functional experiences than for those having negligible past functional experiences (p < 0.
the authors selected 182 songs sung by seventy-four volunteer men and women and categorized the songs into various subject areas (e.g., love, politics, race, social issues). songs from each category were also selected to be sung by male and female singers. the authors did not recruit singers of the same gender, such that the gender of the singers differed in each of the two songs and in the songs sung by the same gender. before listening to each song, the participants completed a sentence-completion questionnaire, which was divided into seven subscales: attractiveness, enjoyability, humor, liking, originality, relevance, and sentimentality. the authors then analyzed the data based on the gender of the singer, the gender of the song, the number of subjects who correctly identified the gender of the singer of the song and the mean rating of the similarity between the sung and the written text of the song. male singers were most successful at matching the gender of the singer in songs about gender and most successful at selecting songs from a relevant subject category (mean = 3.50, sd =.71); only one participant gave the lowest possible rating to a song about science (mean = 2.27, sd =.96). female singers were most successful at matching the gender of the singer in songs about gender and at selecting songs from a relevant subject category (mean = 3.82, sd =.76), and only one participant gave the lowest possible rating to a song about science (mean = 2.
the hypotheses were tested in a 2 (functional experiences: negligible versus strong) × 4 (situations: alone, with self, with others, and most of all music playing) × 2 (strength of mp: strong versus weak) × 2 (strength of effects: strong versus weak) × 3 (age group: young versus old) manova. the main outcome variable was the extent to which individuals reported that one specific function of music listening (self-awareness-social relatedness-arousal and mood regulation) actually occurred (indicated mp). the main independent variable was the strength of past functional experiences (the extent to which music listening helped the respondent attain specific goals). the two interaction terms of the design were functional experiences × situation (how much did music listening in the situations in question help attain specific goals) and functional experiences × mp strength (the extent to which music listening in those situations actually led to the effects described earlier).