Construction Planning Equipment And Methods Free Download Pdf
Where the word construction planning comes into play is when a new building is about to be constructed. For planning of this kind, planners look at the project from afar and work to define the scope of the project, start to finish. In fact, one of the main reasons why construction planning helps to save time and money is that the project is defined much earlier. This means that all areas that have to be planned, such as the budget, design, and approvals, can be done before the project begins. This doesnt mean that the project has to be a scaled-up version of a past project, but rather that the overall project should follow the same plan that the owner wants.
Finally, the construction planner must organize the site. A failed project may be the fault of the construction company, but it may also be the fault of the construction site. The construction site must be organized in such a way that the work will go smoothly. This means assigning responsibility for various aspects of the project to the appropriate people, determining how supplies are to be delivered to the site, and ensuring that the right equipment will be available at the right time. A site is never ready to start the project if the right people and equipment are not at the site, and this should be apparent to the planner. By the same token, the construction site cannot begin construction until the necessary plans and permits are approved.
Most of these cost and time factors in construction planning are invisible to the general contractor. And in fact, the owner who hires the general contractor will not be involved with the construction planning process as a matter of course. However, if there is a problem with a project, the contractor will require the planner to solve it for him. If the planner thinks that the budget is too high, the owner will blame the planner for being too difficult or for not accomplishing the project for less money. The owner, not the construction planner, is ultimately responsible for everything that happens on a construction project, and therefore if the owner is not consulted, they can agree or disagree with the solution proposed.
The purpose of this handbook is to provide a basic understanding of the fundamental concepts and approaches required for the construction of buildings, and to facilitate their planning, permitting, design, and management. This handbook is not intended to be an exhaustive review of the entire field of construction management. It contains a collection of all the appropriate sections and chapters of any such book, making the book suitable as a reference manual, and also as a handbook. Much of what is described here is applicable to virtually all building types, and thus is useful for students of architecture and interior design as well as others.
Phase-by-phase planning follows the master plan. You define a milestone as the outcome for a key concept or project, and you agree with the client on a list of milestones. Your work is then organized around these milestones, and you create a specific plan, which you present to the client and their representatives. You may revise these plans as often as necessary. One final stage is the construction phase, in which work continues around the clock under the direction of a project manager.
Many construction companies define a project in terms of milestones, each with its own timetable and budget. The milestones in a project include some events that are outside of your control, but they serve as a good benchmark for designing the project. For example, the project might specify that it take 10 months to build a swimming pool, and you have no control over whether construction-related equipment repairs are made in the 9th month.